Dravya Namkarana | Basis of Nomenclature of Dravya guna vijāna

The Ayurvedic evolution can be classified into three main periods or kaala : Vaidika kaala Samhita kaala Nighantu kaala Vaidika Kaala In vaidika kaala the number of plant species known were very less. 🌸 In first Veda – Rigaveda : 67 🌸 Yajurveda : 81 🌸 Atharvaveda : 289 The basis of Nomenclature in Vaidika kaala were as follows :

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Phanta Kalpana – Hot Infusion in Ayurveda

In this the herb is crushed/grinded and soaked overnight in hot water and strained early morning. This liquid is called Churna drava or Phanta or Hot infusion. The essential part (saara bhaaga) of herbs is absorbed easily and fastly in the hot water. Also, those substances whose essential part is completely obtained neither in Hima Kalpana nor in kwatha Kalpana (may be destroyed in it). Hence, it is considered the best kalpana.

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Hima Kalpana- Cold infusion

The coarsely powdered herbs are kept in water overnight and rubbed with hands in morning and strained. The liquid obtained is called Hima kalpana or cold infusion in ayurveda. The fragrant and shita virya dravya on heating converts into Ushana virya and the fragrant and volatile oils are faded away and thus, such substances should not be heated and in order to receive their essential part (saara bhaaga) hima Kalpana is prepared.

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Panchavidha Kashaya Kalpana

Panchvidha Kashaya Kalpana in ayurveda means five types of basic formulations for Aushadh dravya.. The thing is that all the substances for use in the body first have to be converted into the form of Swarasa, kalka, Churna, avaleha, kwatha etc.

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