धातकी

DHATAKI

Botanical Name: Woodfordia fruticosa.

Family: Lythraceae,

Classical Categorization:

  • Charaka Samhita : पुरीषसंग्रहणीय, मूत्रविरंंजनीय,

संधानीय महाकषाय ।

  • Sushruta Samhita: प्रियंग्वादि, अम्बष्ठादि गण।
  • Bhavaprakasha Nighantu : हरितक्यादि वर्ग।

Synonyms : 
लैटिन-वुडफोर्डिया फ्रुटिकोजा (Woodfordia fruticosa Kurz.)
संस्कृत-धातकी, धातुपुष्पी ( रक्तवर्ण पुष्पवाली ); वह्निज्वाला (पुष्प रक्तवर्ण आग की लपट के सदृश );
हिन्दी-धाय;
पंजाबी-धावा;
बांग्ला-धाई;
मराठी-धालस;
गुजराती-धावड़ी
तामिल-धाथरी जर्गी;
तेलगु-सिरिंजी;
फ़ारसी-धावा;
अंग्रेज़ी –फायर फ्लेम बुश (Fire fame bush ).

External morphology :
It is branched deciduous shrub, attaining a height of 3-7m with many long arching branches and reddish brown bark.
Leaves simple opposite, entire, ovate-lanceohte, acute, subcoriaceous with black
glandular dots on the upper surface. Flowers-numerous, brilliant red in dense, axillary paniculate cymose clusters.
Fruits ellipsoid irregularly dehiscent capsules.
Seeds-obovoid smooth, brown in colour.

Habitat:
Throughout India.

Chemical composition:
Flowers-hecogenin, inositol, kaempferol-3-glucoside, naringenin-7-glucoside, tannins (pyrogallol and hydrolysable types) woodferdins A,B,C, lawsone, betulin etc.

Rasapanchaka :
Rasa : Kashaya
Guna: Laghu, ruksha
Virya : Sheets
Vipaka : Katu
Dosha Karma : Kapha-pittahara

Indications:
Trishana, Atisara, Raktapitta.

Part Used : Flower

Doses : Churana 3-6 gms

Aamika Prayoga:
1. Shweta pradara : Dhataki churana is used with madhu.
2.Pittaja abhishayanda : Swarasa of Dhataki and chandana are mixed with breast milk of lactating mother and applied as anjana.
3. Atisara : Dhataki pushpa churana is given with madhu.
4. Vrana: Kwatha of dhataki pushpa is used as Prakshalana.

Yoga :
1. Brehat gangadhara churana
2. Dhatkyaadi churana
3. Pushyanug churna
4. Arvindasava

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