Botanical Name: Terminalia chebula.
Terminalia, means-proceeding from the extremity at the end.
chebula, means-Distorted from the world kabul.
Classical Categorization :
Charaka Samhita : Jawarahana, Arshohana, Kasahana, kushthahana, Prajasthapana Mahakashaya.
Sushruta Samhita : Amlakyaadi, Parushakaadi, Triphala gana
Bhavaprakasha Nighantu : Haritakyaadi varg.
External Morphology :
Moderate to large sized deciduous tree, attaining height upto 90 ft.
Youngest leaves, branches and leaf buds have soft, shining, generally rust coloured hairs.
Leaves-7-20cm long and 4 to 8 cm wide, glabrous or nearly so when matured, not clustered, distant, alternate or subopposite, elliptic -oblong, acute,rounded, cordate at base.
Inflorescence-spikes sometimes simple, usually in short panicles, terminal and in the axils of the uppermost leaves.
Fruits- pendulous drupe,2-4 cm long, ellipsoid or obovoid from a broad base, glabrous more or less 5-ribbed.
Seed-oblong, bony, very thick and obscurely
Bark 6mm thick, dark brown with many generally shallow vertical cracks.
Varieties, Characters and different types of Haritaki :
Bheda Lakshana Prayoga
1.Vijaya Alabu vrtta (oval) Sarva roga
2.Rohini Vrtta (Round) Vrnaropaka
3.Putana Asthimati Sukshama pralepanartha
(small but with large seed)
4. Amrita Mamsala Shodhanartha
5. Abhaya Pancharekha Akshiroga
6. Jivanti Swarnavarna Sarvarogahara
7. Chetaki Trirekha Churanartha
Haritaki tree is found all over India especially in forests of North India, central provinces and South India.
Bhavna Mishra has given habitat for individual varieties of Haritaki.
1.Vijaya Vindhya mountain
2.Chetaki Himalayan region
3.Putana Sindhu region
4.Rohini Every where
5.Amrita Champa region
6.Abhaya Champa region
7.Jivanti Saurashtra region
Chetaki is again of two types Shukla and Krishana, Shukla is six angula long and Krishana is of one Angula long.
Major Chemical components:
Fruits : anthraquinone glycoside, chebulic acid, tannic acid, terchebin, Vit C.
Fruit Kernel : Arachidic, behenic, linoleic, oleic, palmitic and stearic acids.
Flowers : Chebulin.
Rasa : Pancharasa (Lavana varjita)
Guna : Laghu, Ruksha
Veerya : Ushana
Vipaka : Madhura
Shotha, Premeha, Kushtha, Vrana, Chardi, Vatarakta, Mutrakricha, Netra roga, Krimi, Hridroga, Ashamari, Kasa, Shavasa etc.
Part Used : Fruit rind (Fruit without seeds)
Haritaki churna 3-6 gms
Bala Haritaki churna 1-3 gm
For Rasayana 1 gm
2. Agastya haritaki rasayana
3. Chitraka Haritaki
4. Danti Haritaki
5. Dashamoola haritaki
6. Brahma rasayana
7. Triphala churna
8. Triphalaadi Taila
9. Abhya lavana
10. Vyaghri haritaki
11. Pathyaadi vati
12. Haritaki khanda
13. Pathyaadi churna
14. Pathyaadi kwatha
15. Pathyaadi ghrita
16. Pathyaadi shadanga kwatha
1. Ajeerna : Haritaki is taken with nimbi.
2. Premeha : Haritaki churna is taken with honey.
3. Amlapitta : Haritaki and Draksha are taken together.
4. Upadamsha : Application of paste of Haritaki and rasanjana is useful.
5. Arshas: Haritaki kept in Gomutra mixed with guda should be given with Takra as anupana.
6. Kushtha : A bolus made of Haritaki, Tila, Guda and Bhallataka is used.
7. Premeha : Haritaki and Takra is useful.
8. Vatavyadhi: Haritaki, Guggulu, Shilajatu to be used regularly.
Indication of Haritaki in different Doshaja Vikaras :
1. In Kaphaja roga-given with Layana.
2. In Pittaja roga-given with Sharkara.
3. In Vataja roga-given with Ghrita.
Haritaki Rasayana Prayoga:
1. In Varsha ritu it should be taken with Sandhava Lavana.
2. In Sharada ritu it should be taken with Sharkara.
3. In Hemanta ritu it should be taken with Shunthi.
4. In Shishir ritu it should be taken with Pippali.
5. In Basant ritu it should be taken with Madhu.
6. In Grishma Ritu it should be taken with Guda.