दाडिम

DADIMA

Botanical Name : Punica granatum.

Family: Punicaceae.

Classical Categorization :

  • Charaka Samhita : हृद्य, छर्दि निग्रहण, श्रमहर महाकषाय
  • Sushruta Samhita : परुषकादि गण
  • Bhavaprakasha Nighantu : आम्रादि फलवर्ग
Synonyms : 
लैटिन -प्यूनिका ग्रेनाइट (Punica granatum Linn.); संस्कृत -दाडिम, दन्तबीज ( दांत के सदृश बीज वाला ), लोहितपुष्पक ( रक्तपुष्प वाला);
हिन्दी- अनार,
बांग्ला-टालिम,
मराठी-डाळिंब,
गुजराती-दाड़म,
तामिल- मदुलाई
तेलगु-दानिम्मा
कश्मीरी-डाळिंब,
मलयालम-मातलम्,
फ़ारसी- अनार,
अरबी-रूम्मान,
अंग्रेज़ी- Pomegranate

External morphology :
It is glabrous shrub or small tree with dark grey bark.
Branches sometimes spinescent.
Leaves-opposite or subopposite, oblong
obovate, narrowed to the short petiole. Flowers-Terminal or axillary, solitary, large showy, scarlet or orange red coloured .
Fruits – globose, crowned by somewhat tubular limb of the calyx, with a thick coriaceous reddish brown rind, pulp red and juicy sometimes white.
Seeds-angular.

Varieties :
According to Dhanwantari nighantu Madhura and Amla 2 varieties .
According to Kaideva nighantu and
Bhavaprakasha nighantu 3 varities viz, Madhura, Amla, Swaduamk.

Habitat:
Cultivated throughout India, wild in the north west region. A native of Afghanistan, Balochistan and Iran.

Chemical composition :
Fruit peel-tannins, viz, punicalin, punicaligin ete. Seeds-estrone, punicic acid Stem-malvidin pentose glucosides, tannins ursolic acid etc.


Rasapanchaka :
                      मधुर जाति            अम्ल जाति
Rasa      Madhura             Madhura, Amla

Guna      Laghu, Snigdha        Laghu

Virya       Ushana                     Ushana

Vipaka     Madhura                   Amla
Doshas Karma : Tridosha Hara.

Indications :
Trishana, Daha, Jwara, Arsha.

Part Used: Phala, Phala twaka, Mula twaka.

Doses: Chorana 3-6 gms,
Phala rasa-25-50 ml,
Twaka kwatha 50-100ml

Aamika Prayoga:
1.Arsha : Ghee prepared with dadima swarasa and yava kshara will check bleeding in arshas.
2. Puyameha : Fruit rind of dadima is made as infusion and administered with sugar orally.
3. Atisara : Kwatha of fruit rind is given as it is grahi.
4. Trishana: Dadima beeja, jeeraka, Nagakesara are mixed with madhu and given, especially in childs.
5. Krimi : Kwatha prepared with bark and is given in 10ml dose every half hourly 4 times empty stomach.

Yoga :
1. Dadimashtaka churna
2. Dadimadi ghrita
3. Shukramatrika vati
4. Dadimadya leha
5. Dadima chatusama

 

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