हरिद्रा

HARIDRA Botanical Name: Curcuma longa. Family: Zingiberaceae. Curcuma is Arabic name : Kurkum. longa, means long Classical Categorization : Charaka Samhita : कुष्ठघ्न, विषघ्न, लेखनीय महाकषाय। Sushruta Samhita : हरिद्रादि गण। Bhavaprakasha nighantu : हरितक्यादि वर्ग। Synonyms : 1. Kanchani 2. Peeta 3. Gauri 4. Nishakhaya 5. Varavarnini 6. Krimihani 7. Yoshitapriya 8. Varna Vilasini 9. Hathavilasini 10. Mehahani 11. Mangalya 12. Ranjani 13. Vishahani लैटिन-Curcuma longa Linn. संस्कृत- हरिद्रा (हरि वर्ण द्राति संशोधयति-जो शरीर के वर्ण को ठीक करे ), काञ्चनी ( सुवर्ण के समान पीतवर्ण होने के कारण ), निशा (चाँदनी रात की तरह सुन्दर ), वरवर्णिनी ( सुन्दर वर्णवाली), गौरी ( पीतवर्ण होने से ), कृमिघ्ना ( कृमिनाशक होने के कारण ), योषित् प्रिया (उबटन इत्यादि तथा स्त्री रोगों में उपयोगी होने के कारण) हट्टविलासिनी ( बाजारों की शोभा बढ़ाने वाली); हिन्दी-हल्दी, हरदी; पंजाबी- हरदल; बांग्ला-हलुद; गुजराती-हलदर; कन्नड़-आभिनिन; तामिल- मञ्जल; तेलगु-पसुपु, मलयालम -हलद, अरबी-कुंकुम; फ़ारसी-ज़र्दचोब; अंग्रेज़ी-टर्मेरिक ( Turmeric ) । External morphology: It is a perennial herb, with a short stem and tufts of erect leaves. Rhizome-cylindrical, ovoid, orange coloured and branched. Leaves-simple , very large, petiole as long as the blade. Oblong, lanceolate, tappering to the base upto 45 cm long. Flowers- pale yellow in spikes Concealed by the sheathing petioles, flowering bracts pale green. Habitat: Cultivated throughout India. Varieties : Bhavaprakasha nighantu described Haridra:- Amragandhi haridra Vana haridra, Daru haridra. Rasapanchaka : Rasa : Katu, Tikta Guna : Laghu, Ruksha Virya : Ushna Vipaka : Katu Indications : Premeha, Kushtha, Krimi, Kandu, Vrana, Pandu. Part Used : Kanda (Rhizome) Matra: Swarasa 10-20ml Churana 2-4 gms Yoga : 1. Haridra Khanda 2. Vranashothana Taila 3. Nishamlaki Churna 4. Haridraadi dhuma varti 5. Sindooraadi lepa 6. Chandraprabha vati 7. Dashmoolarishta 8. Ashwagandharishta 9. Kumaryasava Aamika Prayoga: 1. Vyanga: Haridra and rakta chandana are made into paste with buffalos milk and applied externally. 2. Dadru Kushtha : Haridra churna is taken with jaggery and cows urine. 3. Premeha : Given with amalaki rasa. 4. Pradara : Given with amalaki rasa and guggul. 5. Netra abhishayanda : One part of Haridra is boiled in 20 parts of water, filtered and used as eye drops. 6. Arsha :…

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हरितकी

Haritaki  Botanical Name: Terminalia chebula. Family: Combretaceae. Terminalia, means-proceeding from the extremity at the end. chebula, means-Distorted from the world kabul. Classical Categorization : Charaka Samhita : Jawarahana, Arshohana, Kasahana, kushthahana, Prajasthapana Mahakashaya. Sushruta Samhita : Amlakyaadi,  Parushakaadi, Triphala gana Bhavaprakasha Nighantu : Haritakyaadi varg. Synonyms: 1. Abhaya 2. Pathya 3. Kayastha 4. Putana 5. Amrita 6. Hemavati 7. Avyatha 8. Chetaki 9. Shreyasi 10. Shiva 11. Vayastha 12. Veejaya 13. Jeevanti 14. Rohini 15. Amogha 16. Pranda 17. Panchabhadrika 18. Pramatha External Morphology : Moderate to large sized deciduous tree, attaining height upto 90 ft. Youngest leaves, branches and leaf buds have soft, shining, generally rust coloured hairs. Leaves-7-20cm long and 4 to 8 cm wide, glabrous or nearly so when matured, not clustered, distant, alternate or subopposite, elliptic -oblong, acute,rounded, cordate at base. Inflorescence-spikes sometimes simple, usually in short panicles, terminal and in the axils of the uppermost leaves. Fruits- pendulous drupe,2-4 cm long, ellipsoid or obovoid from a broad base, glabrous more or less 5-ribbed. Seed-oblong, bony, very thick and obscurely angled. Bark 6mm thick, dark brown with many generally shallow vertical cracks.   Varieties, Characters and different types of Haritaki : Bheda           Lakshana             Prayoga 1.Vijaya                      Alabu vrtta (oval)                    Sarva roga 2.Rohini                     Vrtta (Round)                           Vrnaropaka   3.Putana                Asthimati Sukshama                pralepanartha                             (small but with large seed) 4. Amrita                        Mamsala                            Shodhanartha 5. Abhaya                    Pancharekha                          Akshiroga 6. Jivanti                   …

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Durva/दूर्वा

DURVA Botanical Name : Cynodon dactylon. Family: Graminae/poaceae. Classical Categorization : Charaka Samhita : प्रजास्थापन, वर्ण्य महाकषाय Sushruta Samhita : Not mentioned Bhavaprakasha Nighantu : Guduchyadi varga. Synonyms : 1. Shukla 2. Shatavari 3. Golomi 4. Neeladurva 5. Saha 6. Ananta 7. Bhargavi 8. Shataparvika 9. Shatavari 10. Sahastravirya 11. Shaspa 12. Shataparvika 13. Ruha 14. Amari 15. Ananta 16. Pratanika लैटिन-साइनोडोन डैक्टिलन (Cynodon dactylon Pers. ) संस्कृत - दूर्वा, शतपर्वा ( काण्ड में अनेक पर्व होने से), हिन्दी-दूब; बांग्ला- दूर्वा; पंजाबी-दुबड़ा; मराठी-हरली, गुजराती- ध्रो; तामिल-अरुगम-पुल्लु; तेलगु-गोरिया गड्डी; कन्नड़- गरिकाई- हल्लु अरबी- उश्ब; फ़ारसी-मर्ग; अंग्रेज़ी- कौञ्च ग्रास ( Conch grass ) External morphology: It is a perennial glabrous grass. Stem- slender, prostrate, widely creeping, forming matted tufts. Leaves - narrowly linear or lancelot finley acute or pungent spikes, radiating from the top of a cylinder peduncle. Varieties : Bhavaprakasha nighantu mentioned Nila durva. Kaideva nighantu mentioned : 1. Neela durva 2. Sweta Durva 3. Gandha durva Raja nighantu mentioned : 1. Nila durva 2. Sweta durva 3. Gandha durva 4. Mala durva Habitat: Durva grows through out India, usually found in waste lands, road sides, gardens, parks. Chemical composition : Beta carotene, carotene, Vitamin C, Beta sitosterol, Palmitic Acid, Triterpenoids, arundo, friedelin, selenium, ergonovine, and ergonovine. Rasapanchaka : Rasa : Tikta, Kashaya, Madhura Guna : Laghu, Snigdha Virya : Sheeta Vipaka : Madhura Dosha Karma : Kapha pitta shamak Indications : Mutra vikar, Trishna Part Used: Panchanga, Mula Doses :  Swarasa 10-20 ml Churana 1-3 gm Kwatha 50-100 ml Aamika Prayoga: 1. Chardi : Durva is given with rice water. 2. Kushtha: Paste of durva and haridra is beneficial. 3. Sadyo vrana: Durva patra lepa is beneficial. 4. Arshas: Local application of patra lepa is beneficial. Yoga: 1. Durvaadi Taila 2 Durvadi ghrita 3. Durvaadi kwatha

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Raspanchak कटु रस trick

कटु रस/ katu Ras plants 1.KLUK कंपिल्लक व जीरक chairman member हैं। कंपिल्लक.                      जीरक.        चित्रक.                     मरिच.                  हींग 2. KLUM शुंठी से कलम बनाओ। शुण्ठी.           KLUM 3. KLAM APJ Abdul Klam की जय हो। पिप्पली.                 KLAM 4. KGUK कंगना ने UK में आर्द्रक खाई। K G     UK.     आर्द्रक There are 4 groups in कटु रस। Also read :- Rasapanchaka of other plants  

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Raspanchak कषाय रस trick

कषाय रस / kashaya ras plants   1.KsLSK   अर्जुन लो   कांस्य    धातु को खल्लास करो।   अर्जुन   लोध्र  कांचनार  धातकी       KsLSK      2.KsLUM   कल U & me हरितकी के साथ बिभीतक जाएंगेे KsL U   M 3.KsLUK कल UK विडंग के साथ जाएंगे। KsLUK There are 4 groups in कषाय रस। Also read :- Rasapanchaka of other plants  

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Raspanchak trick Madhur ras

मधुर रस  1.MLUM मालूम है तू PAVa   पीता है।  MLUM    पुनर्नवा   पृश्निपर्णी   अश्वगंधा   वत्सनाभ 2.MLAM (A=अनुष्ण)दादी   ने    मलम     लगाया। दाडिम     MLAM  3. MLSM एक   शाम     बल     द्वारा   मालिश   मेरी  करो। एला  शालमली  बला   दूर्वा      MLSM   4. MLSK ML साहब का  जम्बू  का पेड़ है।     ML   S    K 5.MGUM  मुझे गम है कि कपिल के मुंह में तिल है। M GUM        कपिकच्छु        तिल 6. MGSM आज    या   कल     गो विंद      मुझे jio SiM देगा।  आरग्वध यष्टिमधु    गोक्षुर विदारी M G S M7. MSUM एरंड  बड़ा मासूम है।                         MSUM There are 7 groups of  मधुर रस ।

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धातकी

DHATAKI Botanical Name: Woodfordia fruticosa. Family: Lythraceae, Classical Categorization: Charaka Samhita : पुरीषसंग्रहणीय, मूत्रविरंंजनीय, संधानीय महाकषाय । Sushruta Samhita: प्रियंग्वादि, अम्बष्ठादि गण। Bhavaprakasha Nighantu : हरितक्यादि वर्ग। Synonyms :  लैटिन-वुडफोर्डिया फ्रुटिकोजा (Woodfordia fruticosa Kurz.) संस्कृत-धातकी, धातुपुष्पी ( रक्तवर्ण पुष्पवाली ); वह्निज्वाला (पुष्प रक्तवर्ण आग की लपट के सदृश ); हिन्दी-धाय; पंजाबी-धावा; बांग्ला-धाई; मराठी-धालस; गुजराती-धावड़ी तामिल-धाथरी जर्गी; तेलगु-सिरिंजी; फ़ारसी-धावा; अंग्रेज़ी -फायर फ्लेम बुश (Fire fame bush ). External morphology : It is branched deciduous shrub, attaining a height of 3-7m with many long arching branches and reddish brown bark. Leaves simple opposite, entire, ovate-lanceohte, acute, subcoriaceous with black glandular dots on the upper surface. Flowers-numerous, brilliant red in dense, axillary paniculate cymose clusters. Fruits ellipsoid irregularly dehiscent capsules. Seeds-obovoid smooth, brown in colour. Habitat: Throughout India. Chemical composition: Flowers-hecogenin, inositol, kaempferol-3-glucoside, naringenin-7-glucoside, tannins (pyrogallol and hydrolysable types) woodferdins A,B,C, lawsone, betulin etc. Rasapanchaka : Rasa : Kashaya Guna: Laghu, ruksha Virya : Sheets Vipaka : Katu Dosha Karma : Kapha-pittahara Indications: Trishana, Atisara, Raktapitta. Part Used : Flower Doses : Churana 3-6 gms Aamika Prayoga: 1. Shweta pradara : Dhataki churana is used with madhu. 2.Pittaja abhishayanda : Swarasa of Dhataki and chandana are mixed with breast milk of lactating mother and applied as anjana. 3. Atisara : Dhataki pushpa churana is given with madhu. 4. Vrana: Kwatha of dhataki pushpa is used as Prakshalana. Yoga : 1. Brehat gangadhara churana 2. Dhatkyaadi churana 3. Pushyanug churna 4. Arvindasava

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देवदारु

 DEVDARU Botanical Name: Cedrus deodara. Family: Coniferae. Cedrus, means wood having aromalike cedar. Classical Categorization : Charaka Samhita : स्तन्यशोधन महाकषाय, अनुवासनोपग महाकषाय , कटुकस्कन्ध। Sushruta Samhita : वातसंशमन। Bhavaprakasha Nighantu : कर्पूरादि गण। Synonyms : 1. Peetadaru 2. Peetadru 3. Bhedradaru 4. Drukilim 5. Putikashtha 6. Daru 7. Suradaru 8. Shakrapadapa Latin-सेड्रस देवदारु ( Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) संस्कृत-देवदारु ( देवताओं के प्रदेश-हिमाचल-में होने वाली लकड़ी), भद्रदारु ( श्रेष्ठ वृक्ष ), सुरभूरुह ( देवभूमि में होने वाला वृक्ष ), हिन्दी -देवदार, मराठी, गुजराती -देवदार पंजाबी -दियार; कश्मीर- दीवदार; बांग्ला -देवदारु; तामिल-देवदारु; तेलगु-देवदारी; अंग्रेज़ी -देवदार (Deodar ) External morphology : It is a large evergreen tree, Not whorled, tips of the branches usually drooping. Bark-dark, rough on old stems, sometimes furrowed Shoots dimorphic, Leaves 2.5-4 cm long needle like, sharp pointed. Flowers-usually monoecious, Male catkins are solitary at the end of branchlets. Fruit-cone like, erect 10-12.5 cm long, 7.5-10 cm wide. Seeds-7.5-15mm long, pale brown, wing longer than seeds. Habitat: Grows in Himalayan region. Chemical composition : Heart wood contains essential oils like P-methyl acetophenone, atlantone, two new sesquiterpenes designated as Alpha and Beta himachalene, himachal, cedrinoside, taxifolin and cedrus in plant contain allohimachalol, deodarone, Alpha cedrol, Alpha humulene. Rasapanchaka : Rasa : Tikta, Katu, Kashaya. Guna: Snigdha, Laghu. Virya : Ushna. Vipaka : Katu. Dosha Karma : Vata Kaphahara. Indications: Vibandha, Adhamana, Shotha, Premeha, Jawara, Kasa, Kandu, Shwasa. Part Used : Heart wood. Doses : Churana 1-3 gms. Taila 20-40 drops. Aamika Prayoga: 1. Vata vikara : Kalka of Devadaru and shunthi is useful. 2. Slipada : External application of Bhadradaru and chitraka is useful. Yoga : 1. Devadarurishta 2. Devadaruvyadi chura 3. Devadaruvyadi kalka 4. Devadaruvyadi kashaya 5. Devdarubaladi churana 6. Devdarubaladi Taila

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एरंड

ERANDA Botanical Name: Ricinus communis. Family: Euphorbiaceae Ricinus, means little tick communis, means common Classical Categorization : Charaka Samhita : भेदनीय, अंगमर्द प्रशमन, स्वेदोपग महाकषाय। Sushruta Samhita: विदारीगन्धादि गण, अधोभागहर, वातसंशमन। Bhavaprakasha Nighantu : गुडूच्यादि वर्ग। Synonyms : 1. Shuklaeranada 2. Aamanda 3. Chitra 4.Gandharvahasta 5. Panchangula 6. Hastaparnaka लैटिन-रिसिनस कॉम्युनिस ( Ricinus communis Linn. ), संस्कृत-एरण्ड ( आसमन्तात् ईरयति अंगानि-वायु का शमन करने से स्तब्धता को दूर कर अंगों को गतिशील बनाने वाला); गन्धर्व हस्त ( गन्धर्वों के हाथ के समान पत्र वाला ); पंचांग ( पाँच अंगुलियों से युक्त पत्र वाला); वर्धमान ( शीघ्र बढ़ने वाला गुल्म); उत्तानपत्रक ( फैले हुये पत्र होने के कारण ); व्याघ्रपुच्छ ( व्याघ्रपुच्छ के समान पुष्पमञ्जरी होने से ); उरुबूक ( उरुं महान्तं वायुं वायति शोषयति-प्रकुपित वात को शांत करने वाला); व्यडम्बक ( व्यडं मलमम्बयति संसयति-जो मल का शोधन करे ); हिन्दी-रेड़ी, अंडी; बांग्ला-भेरेंडा; मराठी-एरंडी; गुजराती-एरंडो, दिवेलिगो तामिल-अमनवक्कु, कोट्टईमुथु; तेलगु-अमुडमुचेट्टु; कन्नड़-हरलु, मलयालम-उनक्कु; अरबी-खिर्वा; फ़ारसी-बेद अंजीर External morphology: It is a tall glabrous annual shrub. Stem -erect, herbaceous above and woody below, cylindrically branched, solid. Leaf -alternate, broad, Palmately lobed and veined, lobes usually 7-8, simple, serrate, acute, gland-dotted.green or reddish, petiolate with multicostate reticulate venation. Habitat: It is cultivated throughout India. Chemical composition : Seeds and leaves have ricinine, 1-methyl-3-cyano-4 methoxy-2-pyridone. Seed coat-lupeol, lipids, phosphate. Seed oil-arachidic, ricinole, palmitic acid, stearic acid, hexa decanoic, hydrocyanic acid, uric acids. Rasapanchaka : Rasa : Madhura, Katu, Kashaya. Guna : Guru, snigdha, Tikshana. Veerya : Ushana. Vipaka : Madhura. Dosha Karma : Kapha vata shamaka. Indications: Shwasa, kasa, kampa, Arsas, Pandu. Part Used : Root and seeds. Doses :  Mula kwatha 50-100ml Mula kalka 3-6 gms. Patra kalka 10-20ml Taila 20-40ml Bija Churana 3-6 gms. Aamika Prayoga : 1. Aamvatta : Eranda Taila pana. 2. Vibhanda : Eranda Taila with triphala kwatha can induce purgation. 3. Arsha : Kwatha of vasa leaves, arka, eranda and bilwa is beneficial in arsha. Yoga : 1. Eranda Taila 2. Eranda saptaka kwatha 3. Erandaadi kwatha 4. Eranda kshara  

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दाडिम

DADIMA Botanical Name : Punica granatum. Family: Punicaceae. Classical Categorization : Charaka Samhita : हृद्य, छर्दि निग्रहण, श्रमहर महाकषाय Sushruta Samhita : परुषकादि गण Bhavaprakasha Nighantu : आम्रादि फलवर्ग Synonyms :  लैटिन -प्यूनिका ग्रेनाइट (Punica granatum Linn.); संस्कृत -दाडिम, दन्तबीज ( दांत के सदृश बीज वाला ), लोहितपुष्पक ( रक्तपुष्प वाला); हिन्दी- अनार, बांग्ला-टालिम, मराठी-डाळिंब, गुजराती-दाड़म, तामिल- मदुलाई तेलगु-दानिम्मा कश्मीरी-डाळिंब, मलयालम-मातलम्, फ़ारसी- अनार, अरबी-रूम्मान, अंग्रेज़ी- Pomegranate External morphology : It is glabrous shrub or small tree with dark grey bark. Branches sometimes spinescent. Leaves-opposite or subopposite, oblong obovate, narrowed to the short petiole. Flowers-Terminal or axillary, solitary, large showy, scarlet or orange red coloured . Fruits - globose, crowned by somewhat tubular limb of the calyx, with a thick coriaceous reddish brown rind, pulp red and juicy sometimes white. Seeds-angular. Varieties : According to Dhanwantari nighantu Madhura and Amla 2 varieties . According to Kaideva nighantu and Bhavaprakasha nighantu 3 varities viz, Madhura, Amla, Swaduamk. Habitat: Cultivated throughout India, wild in the north west region. A native of Afghanistan, Balochistan and Iran. Chemical composition : Fruit peel-tannins, viz, punicalin, punicaligin ete. Seeds-estrone, punicic acid Stem-malvidin pentose glucosides, tannins ursolic acid etc. Rasapanchaka :                       मधुर जाति            अम्ल जाति Rasa      Madhura             Madhura, Amla Guna      Laghu, Snigdha        Laghu Virya       Ushana                     Ushana Vipaka     Madhura                   Amla Doshas Karma : Tridosha Hara. Indications : Trishana, Daha, Jwara, Arsha. Part Used: Phala, Phala twaka, Mula twaka. Doses: Chorana 3-6 gms, Phala rasa-25-50 ml, Twaka kwatha 50-100ml Aamika Prayoga: 1.Arsha : Ghee prepared with dadima swarasa and yava kshara will check bleeding in arshas. 2. Puyameha : Fruit rind of dadima is made as infusion and administered with sugar orally. 3. Atisara : Kwatha of fruit rind is given as it is grahi. 4. Trishana: Dadima beeja, jeeraka, Nagakesara are mixed with madhu and given, especially in childs. 5. Krimi : Kwatha prepared with bark and is given…

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